University of North Florida
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Stuart Chalk, Ph.D.
Department of Chemistry
University of North Florida
Phone: 1-904-620-1938
Fax: 1-904-620-3535
Website: @unf

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Classification: Reference Material -> IAEA -> MA-B-3/TM -> Fish tissue

Citations 1

"On-line Preconcentration System For Lead Determination In Seafood Samples By Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry Using Polyurethane Foam Loaded With 2-(2-benzothiazolylazo)-2-p-cresol"
Anal. Chim. Acta 2001 Volume 441, Issue 2 Pages 281-289
Valfredo A. Lemos and Sérgio L. C. Ferreira

Abstract: In the present paper, an on-line system for enrichment and determination of lead is proposed. It is based on the chemical sorption of lead(II) ions on a minicolumn packed with polyurethane foam loaded with 2-(2-benzothiazolylazo)-2-p-cresol (BTAC) reagent. After pre-concentration, lead(II) ions are eluted by 0.10 mol L-1 hydrochloric acid solution and determined directly by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). Chemical and flow variables as well as effect of other ions were studied. The results demonstrated that lead could be determinate with an enrichment factor of 26 for a sample volume of 7.0 mL and pre-concentration time of 1 min. The detection limit (3 s) was 1.0 µg L-1 and the precision (assessed as the relative standard deviation) reached values of 6.0-0.7% in lead solutions of 10^-500 µg L-1 concentration, respectively. The enrichment factor and the detection limit can be further improved by increasing pre-concentration time without degradation in the efficiency due to the favorable kinetics and low hydrodynamic impedance of the present system. Achieved sampling frequency was 48 samples per hour. The effect of another ions in concentrations agreeing with biological samples was studied. It was found that the proposed procedure has necessary selectivity for lead determination in seafood and other biological samples. The accuracy was confirmed by analysis of the followings certified reference materials: fish tissue IAEA, lobster hepatopancreas NRCC TORT-1 and citrus leaves NIST 1572. Recoveries of spike additions (0.2 or 1.0 µg g-1) to several seafood samples were quantitative (90-107%). These results proved also that the procedure is not affected by matrix interferences and can be applied satisfactorily for lead determination in samples of shrimp, oyster, crab, fish and mussel contaminated by it.
Lead Spectrophotometry Preconcentration Interferences Amberlite Polyurethane foam Solid phase extraction