University of North Florida
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Stuart Chalk, Ph.D.
Department of Chemistry
University of North Florida
Phone: 1-904-620-1938
Fax: 1-904-620-3535
Website: @unf

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Classification: Industrial -> incinerator -> ash

Citations 2

"Coupling On-line Preconcentration By Ion-exchange With ETAAS. A Novel Flow Injection Approach Based On The Use Of A Renewable Microcolumn As Demonstrated For The Determination Of Nickel In Environmental And Biological Samples"
Anal. Chim. Acta 2000 Volume 424, Issue 2 Pages 223-232
Jianhua Wang and Elo Harald Hansen

Abstract: A novel way of exploiting flow injection/sequential injection (FIA/SIA) on-line ion-exchange pre-concentration with detection by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry (ETAAS) is described and demonstrated for the determination of trace-levels of nickel. Based on the use of a renewable microcolumn incorporated within an integrated µFI-system, the column is loaded with a defined volume of small beads of an SP Sephadex C-25 cation-exchange resin and subsequently exposed to a metered amount of sample solution. However, instead of eluting the retained analyte from the organic ion-exchange resin, the beads are along with 30 µL of carrier (buffer) solution transported via air segmentation directly into the graphite tube, where they are ashed during the pyrolysis and atomization process. The ETAAS determination is performed in parallel with the pre-concentration process of the ensuing sample. An enrichment factor of 72.1, a detection limit of 9 ng L-1, along with a sampling frequency of 12 h-1 were obtained with 150 s of sample loading time at a sample flow rate of 12 µL s-1 (corresponding to 0.72 mL min-1). The relative standard deviations were 3.4%. The procedure was validated by determination of the nickel contents in two certified reference materials and in a human urine sample.
Nickel Spectrophotometry Reference material Solvent extraction Preconcentration Column Sephadex Sequential injection Interferences Optimization

"Characterization Of Bottom Ash In Municipal Solid Waste Incinerators For Its Use In Road Base"
Waste Manage. 2004 Volume 24, Issue 9 Pages 899-909
R. Forteza, M. Far, C. Segui, and V. Cerda

Abstract: Incineration of municipal solid wastes (MSWs) produces by-products which can be broadly classified as bottom and fly ashes. Since MSW incineration started, possibilities other than landfilling the incineration residues have been sought; most initiatives in this sense tend to use these residues as aggregate substitute in pavements and other road construction elements. The main goal of the present work is the physical and chemical characterization of the local incineration bottom ash towards its eventual re-utilization. The study includes not only the specific aspects regarding its role as pavement element, but also the assessment of the environmental effects. Therefore, together with the determination of physical (moisture content, apparent and bulk densities, crystallinity, etc.) and engineering properties (particle size distribution, abrasion and impact resistance, etc.), full chemical characterization of the bottom ash and the study of leaching as a function of aging time have been undertaken. The results obtained indicate that the metal content of both the raw bottom ash and its leachates fulfill the environmental regulations provided that the bottom ash is stored for at least one month. Engineering properties of the bottom ash are close to those of natural aggregates and, thus, road-construction use of these residues seems to be feasible.