University of North Florida
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Stuart Chalk, Ph.D.
Department of Chemistry
University of North Florida
Phone: 1-904-620-1938
Fax: 1-904-620-3535
Email: schalk@unf.edu
Website: @unf

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Vegetable

Classification: Vegetable -> sweet pepper

Citations 1

"Determination Of Carbamate Residues In Crop Samples By Cholinesterase-based Biosensors And Chromatographic Techniques"
Anal. Chim. Acta 1998 Volume 362, Issue 1 Pages 59-68
Gilvanda Silva Nunes*, Petr Skládal, Hideko Yamanakacand Damiá Barceló

Abstract: An amperometric biosensor based on cholinesterase (ChE) has been used for the determination of selected carbamate insecticides in vegetable samples. The linear range of the biosensor for the N-methylcarbamates (aldicarb, carbaryl, carbofuran, methomyl and propoxur) varied from 5 x 10^-5 to 50 mg kg-1. Limits of detection were calculated on the basis that the ChE enzymes were 10% inhibited and varied, depending of the combination ChE (as acetyl- or butyrylcholinesterase) vs. inhibitor (pesticide), from 1 x 10^-4 to 3.5 mg kg-1. The biosensor-based carbamate determination was compared to liquid chromatography/UV methods. Three vegetable samples were spiked with carbofuran and propoxur at 125 µg kg-1 followed by conventional procedures. Good correlations were observed for carbofuran in the vegetable extracts (79, 96 and 91% recoveries for potato, carrot and sweet pepper, respectively), whereas for propoxur unsatisfactory results were obtained. Potato and carrot samples were spiked with 10, 50 and 125 µg kg-1 carbofuran, followed by direct determination by the amperometric biosensor. The fortified sampler; resulted in very high inhibition values, and recoveries were: 28, 34 and 99% for potato, and 140, 90 and 101% for carrot, respectively, at these three fortification levels.
Ammonium carbamate hydrate Amperometry Sensor Method comparison