University of North Florida
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Stuart Chalk, Ph.D.
Department of Chemistry
University of North Florida
Phone: 1-904-620-1938
Fax: 1-904-620-3535
Website: @unf

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NIST 1648

Classification: Reference Material -> NIST -> 1648 -> Urban particulate

Citations 4

"Determination Of Arsenic And Vanadium In Airborne Related Reference Materials By Inductively Coupled Plasma-mass Spectrometry"
Anal. Chim. Acta 1999 Volume 392, Issue 2-3 Pages 299-306
Chu-Fang Wang, C. Y. Chang, C. J. Chin and L. C. Men

Abstract: This study investigated sample digestion techniques and instrumental interference in determining As and V in airborne related reference materials using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Four reference materials, NIST SRM 1648 urban particulate matter, BCR Reference Material No. 176 city waste incineration ash, NIST SRM 2709 San Joaquin soil, and NIST SRM 1633b coal fly ash were dissolved by acid mixture high-pressure bomb digestion. A HNO3+H2O2+HF mixed acid digestion with a low temperature evaporation procedure is proposed as an effective sample pretreatment method for the determination of As in all samples. The addition of HF is required especially for dissolving geologically originated samples such as soil or dust. It was found that, with the proposed digestion procedure, the determinations of V are still unacceptable for highly chlorinated samples when using quadrupole ICP-MS. It was also proved that sector-field ICP-MS is sufficiently sensitive for the determination of V, and can be utilized as a valid tool to investigate the amount and direction of biased results obtained from ICP-MS.
Arsenic Vanadium Mass spectrometry Optimization Interferences Reference material

"Determination Of Trace Elements In Power Plant Emissions By Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry: Comparison With Other Spectrometric Techniques"
Microchem. J. 1998 Volume 59, Issue 2 Pages 203-218
M. Bettinelli, S. Spezia, U. Baroni and G. Bizzarri

Abstract: Particulate matter in stack effluents of coal-fired plants was collected with an isokinetic probe nozzle suitable for (a) total particulate samplings on membrane filters and (b) sampling with a low volume 10-stage single orifice cascade impactor plus a backup filter. A microwave digestion method using an acid mixture of HNO3-HCl-HF in a closed vessel was developed for the determination of major, minor, and trace elements in very small amounts of sample. Analyses were carried out by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). A recovery study was conducted using multielemental standard solutions, NIST1633a Trace Elements in Coal Fly Ash and NIST 1648 Urban Particulate Matter, to examine the capabilities of the method. The results for real samples dissolved by this procedure were compared with results obtained by instrumental neutron activation anal., graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry, and flow injection hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry. The anal. capabilities of ICP-MS make it one of the techniques of choice for the determination of trace elements in emission particulate matter collected in different granulometric particle sizes.
Aluminum Arsenic Barium Cadmium Chromium Iron Manganese Nickel Lead Antimony Vanadium Zinc Mass spectrometry Sample preparation Method comparison Reference material

"Simultaneous Determination Of Hydride And Non-hydride Forming Elements By Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic-emission Spectrometry"
Anal. Proc. 1992 Volume 29, Issue 10 Pages 438-439
Zhang Li, Susan McIntosh and Walter Slavin

Abstract: Arsenic, Se, Sb, Bi, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni and Pb were determined in the NIST environmental standard reference materials steel, coal fly ash, urban particulated and 1643b water by ICP-AES. A Perkin-Elmer FIAS-2000 flow injection system was used for hydride generation (experimental conditions tabulated). The sample solution was split into two streams, one being pumped directly to the nebulizer, the other mixed with HCl and NaBH4 solution in the mixing tubes of the chemifold. After separation, the hydride was swept into the spray chamber through a slightly modified cross-flow nebulizer cap. The hydride was then carried into the plasma together with sample aerosol. Recoveries of 20 µg L-1 of As, Sb and Se and 50 µg L-1 of non-hydride forming elements in river- and seawater standards were >80%.
Arsenic Selenium Antimony Bismuth Cadmium Chromium Copper Iron Manganese Nickel Lead Spectrophotometry Spectrophotometry Reference material FIAS-200 Nebulizer Volatile generation Volatile generation

"Microanalytical Flow-through Method For Assessment Of The Bioavailability Of Toxic Metals In Environmental Samples"
Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 2005 Volume 381, Issue 2 Pages 438-444
Modupe Jimoh, Wolfgang Frenzel and Volkmar Müller

Abstract: The application of a recently proposed microanalytical flow-through system for on-line sequential extraction of heavy metals from solid samples of environmental interest is described. Using various extraction schemes (a nitric acid scheme, a two-stage extraction scheme using two reagents applied in the BCR procedure) and comparison with the common batch sequential BCR procedure, the suitability of the system for fast screening of solid environmental samples is demonstrated. By pumping leaching agents sequentially through the sample held in a µcartridge, the different metal fractions present can be assessed in less than an hour. Method evaluation was performed using SRM 1648 urban particulate matter and BCR 701 lake sediment reference material certified for extractable metals. The need for and design of laboratory internal reference material suitable for simulating the natural (dynamic) processes of metal release into the environment is also discussed. For the first time correlation is sought between fractionation techniques and physiologically based methods for assessment of the bioaccessibility of metals in biomatrices.
Nickel Copper Cadmium Zinc Lead Aluminum Spectrophotometry Mass spectrometry Reference material Method comparison Extraction