University of North Florida
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Stuart Chalk, Ph.D.
Department of Chemistry
University of North Florida
Phone: 1-904-620-1938
Fax: 1-904-620-3535
Email: schalk@unf.edu
Website: @unf

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Juice

Classification: Fruit -> tomato -> juice

Citations 1

"Speciation Analysis Of Chromium(III) And Chromium(VI) Using Flow Injection Analysis With Fluorometric Detection"
Analyst 1998 Volume 123, Issue 5 Pages 1005-1009
Evangelos K. Paleologos, Spyros I. Lafis, Stella M. Tzouwara-Karayanni and Miltiades I. Karayannis

Abstract: A relatively simple, sensitive, selective, automatic fluorometric method for the simultaneous determination of Cr(III) and Cr(VI) by flow injection analysis (FIA) was developed. The method is based on the selective oxidation of the nonfluorescing reagent 2-(α-pyridyl)thioquinaldinamide (PTQA), which with Cr(VI) yields an intensely fluorescent product (λex = 360 nm; λem = 500 nm). Cr(III) is oxidized online to Cr(VI) with sodium metaperiodate and the Cr(VI) is subsequently treated with PTQA. Fluorescence due to the sum of Cr(III) and Cr(VI) is measured and Cr(III) is determined from the difference in fluorescence values. The effects of various anal. parameters, such as acidity, flow rate, sample volume, temperature, reagent concentration and interfering species, were studied. Kinetic studies using both the stopped-flow technique and the FIA procedure were used to study and optimize the oxidation conditions for Cr(III) from its oxidation efficiency. The calibration graphs were rectilinear in the ranges 0.1-10 µg mL-1 for Cr(VI) and 0.1-1.0 µg mL-1 for Cr(III). The method was successfully verified by performing recovery experiments of Cr in several standard reference materials (peach leaves, sediments and tea), and it was applied to the speciation analysis of Cr(III)-Cr(VI) in environmental waters (mineral, tap and distilled water), a food sample (tomato juice) and synthetic mixtures. Up to 30 samples per h can be analyzed with a relative standard deviation of ~0.1-2%.
Chromium(III) Chromium(VI) Fluorescence Speciation Stopped-flow Kinetic Reference material Indirect Interferences Optimization